The Celts and Romans

Roman Empire Map

Use the Map of the Roman Empire and Celtic Lands to explore the struggle betweeen two dominant European cultures

The Celts in Iron Age Britain

In the Iron Age, the people of Britain lived in tribes. Today these people are often called 'Celts'.

The Celts controlled most of central Europe and by 700BC they also conquered the lands of Northern Spain. The Celts were a force in Britain by 480BC. Celtic tribes continued to migrate to Britain and to dominate the country.

Castell Henllys Roundhouse
The British Celts lived in roundhouses. We know this from the archaeological remains that have been excavated and dated to the Iron Age. ... Read more

Celtic Resistance to the Roman Invasion of Britain

Caractacus and his brother Togodomus led the initial British resistance against the Roman invasion, commanded by Aulus Plautius. ... Read more

Celtic Farming in the Iron Age


The people of Britain began farming about 5,000 years ago during the Neolithic period (New Stone Age). The Bronze and Iron Ages witnessed a number of advances in farming. ... Read more

The Romans in Britain

The Romans with their well-organised armies became the dominant power in the ancient world. Julius Caesar entered the history books when he led his Roman legions to conquer Gaul and then in 55BC he attacked Britain. The Romans did not settle in Britain until they renewed their attack on the island nearly a hundred years later. Then they ruled much of Britain until the legions departed to protect Rome nearly four hundred years later.

Roman Food in Britain

Food in Romano Britain

The Roman invaders contributed to the long-term improvement of the British diet by introducing proper vegetables to the island.

They brought new farming practices and crops and new breeds of animals.

Learn how the rich and the poor and even the Roman Army ate.

Discover more

Roman Lady Dining

Image courtesy © 'Grosvenor Museum, Chester City Council'

Technology in Romano Britain

Goldmine Water Wheel
WHAT DID THE ROMANS DO FOR US? An interactive tour of a Roman gold mine. Includes an animation of a water wheel used to empty the Dolaucothi gold mine of water. ... Read more

History Books and Resources

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